Experiments in Intergroup Discrimination Henri Tajfel PDF – Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. Experiments in Intergroup Discriminati. ON. MATRIX by Henri Tajfel. B. MATRIX 3. MATRIX 4. U. Intergroup discrimination is a feature logical causation. In The. Exp eriments in Intergroup Discrimination. Can cliscrimination be trctced to by Flenri Tajfel .. problem lvas to create experimental con- didons that would.
|Published (Last):||17 June 2013|
|PDF File Size:||12.66 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||5.60 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
The boys could allocate for maximum joint profit MJPor for maximum profit for the in-group MIPor for maximum difference MD between the points allocated for one group compared to the other. In the experimental condition, the participants were given a matrix where the top row contained the amounts they will be awarding to a fellow group member, and the bottom row contained amounts that will be awarded to members of the other group.
This is not to say that Social Identity Theory does not work but suggests that within societies which emphasise co-operation and fairness intergroup discrimination will be less likely to happen. Personality theorieswhich see the source of prejudice as being in the individual and social psychological theorieswhich see prejudice as a result of group membership. A major strength of the procedure was the high level of control Tajfel managed to employ.
The results demonstrated that when the boys had the choice between maximising the profit for all and maximising the profit for their own group, they chose the latter.
The subjects had to indicate their choices by ticking one box in each matrix. Tajfel did not deny that competition between two groups influences intergroup discrimination but demonstrated that merely categorising people into in-groups and out-groups is sufficient to create intergroup discrimination.
Note that each box within a matrix forces the subject to favour one boy over another; there is no box that allows equal amounts to be given. The subjects came to the laboratory in separate groups of 8. The Henri Tajfel Experiments Intergroup discrimination refers to the phenomenon where factions of a single group develop conflicts against each other as by-products of competition and prejudice.
By out-group we mean a group to which a person does not belong, or thinks he or she does not belong.
Intergroup Discrimination and the Henri Tajfel Experiments
The theory is useful experlments as well as explaining the social causes of prejudice it may also be able to explain individual differences, i. In the test, each of the participants was to allocate amounts to another discriminatjon member without awarding any money to himself. In contrast the in-group and out-group choices were closely distributed around the point of fairness. The experiment aimed to demonstrate that competition was not a sufficient factor in the creation of intergroup discrimination.
The subjects were taken to separate cubicles and told which group they were in. In cultures which do not emphasise competition, as much as perhaps the West does, categorisation does not always seem to lead to discrimination.
Different social and psychological factors become roots of conflicts between groups. Such theories see prejudice as a result of group membership and group interaction. Tajfel maintained that competition was not a interbroup factor in the creation of intergroup discrimination. The boys found themselves variously categorised as “overestimators” and “underestimators” or as being “accurate” or “inaccurate” and were then presented with distributing rewards to their own and other groups.
Intergroup Discrimination experiments Henri Tajfel
It also follows that since we instantly discriminate against the outsiders, we can also discriminate against others for no apparent reason aside from developed prejudice. Tajfel like Sherif believes that the personality approach is inadequate in explaining prejudice and he also uses a social psychological approach.
Participants adolescent boys completed a computer task and were given a list of participants who scored similarly to them on the same task. For example when two groups want to achieve the same goal but cannot both have it, hostility is produced between them.
If we look at an example below of one of the matrices we can see how the three variables can be measured. Back to Overview “Social Psychology Experiments”.
In Henri Tajfel and siscrimination conducted experiments in intergroup discrimation in the English city of Bristol. It is possible to criticise Tajfel’s Social Identity Theory. In everyday life categorisation does often come with some degree of competition. In the other two conditions the points were distributed fairly. The Second Experiment aesthetic preference. This study was conducted with the participation of sixty-four schoolboys aged between fourteen and fifteen years.
The text in this article is licensed under the Creative Commons-License Attribution 4.